The HR Committee will issue General comments clarify the scope and meaning of the rights in the ICCPR. They encompass the Committee’s interpretation of the rights of individuals and obligations of States. The Comments have become increasingly detailed over time, and have become a useful guide to States in preparing their report, and to other stakeholders engaging with the Committee.
General comments are particularly useful since the ICCPR was adopted many years ago. They permit the ICCPR to be adapted to modern circumstances and contemporary challenges.
So far, the Committee has published 37 General comments, the last ones focusing on the right to life and the freedom of peaceful assembly. The Committee regularly adopts new General comments.
|37||Right to peaceful assembly||Article 21||2020||CCPR/C/GC/37|
|36||Right to Life (Replaces General comments 6 and 14)||Article 6||2018||CCPR/C/GC/36|
|35||Right to Liberty and Security of Persons (Replaces General comment 8)||Article 9||2014||CCPR/C/GC/35|
|34||Freedoms of Opinion and Expression (Replaces General comment 10)||Article 19||2011||CCPR/C/GC/34|
|33||Obligations of States parties under the Optional Protocol||-||2008||CCPR/C/GC/33|
|32||Right to equality before courts and tribunals and to a fair trial (Replaces General comment 13)||Article 14||2007||CCPR/C/GC/32|
|31||The nature of the general legal obligation imposed on States parties (Replaces General comment 3)||-||2004||CCPR/C/21/Rev.1/Add.13|
|30||Reporting obligations of States parties under Article 40 (Replaces General comment 1)||Article 40||2002||CCPR/C/21/Rev.1/Add.12|
|29||Derogations during a State of Emergency (Replaces General comment 5)||Article 4||2001||CCPR/C/21/Rev.1/Add.11|
|28||The Equality of Rights between Men and Women (Replaces General comment 4)||Article 3||2000||CCPR/C/21/Rev.1/Add.10|
|27||Freedom of Movement||Article 12||1999||CCPR/C/21/Rev.1/Add.9|
|26||Continuity of Obligations||-||1997||CCPR/C/21/Rev.1/Add.8|
|25||Participation in Public Affairs and the Right to Vote||Article 25||1996||CCPR/C/21/Rev.1/Add.7|
|24||Reservations to the Covenant or the Optional Protocols or Declarations under Article 41 of the Covenant||Article 41||1994||CCPR/C/21/Rev.1/Add.6|
|23||Rights of Minorities||Article 27||1996||CCPR/C/21/Rev.1/Add.5|
|22||Freedom of Thought, Conscience or Religion||Article 18||1993||CCPR/C/21/Rev.1/Add.4|
|21||Humane Treatment of Persons Deprived of their Liberty (Replaces General comment 9)||Article 10||1992||HRI/GEN/1/Rev.9 (Vol. I) p.202|
|20||Prohibition of Torture or Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (Replaces General comment 7)||Article 7||1992||HRI/GEN/1/Rev.9 (Vol. I) p.200|
|19||The Family||Article 23||1990||HRI/GEN/1/Rev.9 (Vol. I) p.198|
|18||Non-Discrimination||Article 2.1 & 26||1989||HRI/GEN/1/Rev.9 (Vol. I) p.195|
|17||Rights of the Child||Article 24||1989||HRI/GEN/1/Rev.9 (Vol. I) p.193|
|16||Right to Privacy||Article 17||1988||HRI/GEN/1/Rev.9 (Vol. I) p.191|
|15||The Position of Aliens under the Covenant||-||1986||HRI/GEN/1/Rev.9 (Vol. I) p.189|
|14||Right to Life||Article 6||1984||HRI/GEN/1/Rev.9 (Vol. I) p.188|
|13||Administration of Justice (Replaced by General comment 32)||Article 14||1984||HRI/GEN/1/Rev.9 (Vol. I) p.184|
|12||Right to Self-Determination||Article 1||1984||HRI/GEN/1/Rev.9 (Vol. I) p.183|
|11||Prohibition of Propaganda for War and Inciting National, Racial, or Religious Hatred||Article 20||1983||HRI/GEN/1/Rev.9 (Vol. I) p.182|
|10||Freedom of Opinion||Article 19||1983||HRI/GEN/1/Rev.9 (Vol. I) p.181|
|9||Humane Treatment of Persons Deprived of their Liberty (Replaced by General comment 21)||Article 10||1982||HRI/GEN/1/Rev.9 (Vol. I) p.180|
|8||Right to Life (Replaces General comments 6 and 14)||Article 9||1982||HRI/GEN/1/Rev.9 (Vol. I) p.179|
|7||Right to Liberty and Security of Persons (Replaces General comment 8)||Article 7||1982||HRI/GEN/1/Rev.9 (Vol. I) p.178|
|6||Freedoms of Opinion and Expression (Replaces General comment 10)||Article 6||1982||HRI/GEN/1/Rev.9 (Vol. I) p.176|
|5||Obligations of States parties under the Optional Protocol||Article 4||1981||HRI/GEN/1/Rev.9 (Vol. I) p.176|
|4||Right to equality before courts and tribunals and to a fair trial (Replaces General comment 13)||Article 3||1981||HRI/GEN/1/Rev.9 (Vol. I) p.175|
|3||The nature of the general legal obligation imposed on States parties (Replaces General comment 3)||Article 2||1981||HRI/GEN/1/Rev.9 (Vol. I) p.174|
|2||Reporting obligations of States parties under Article 40 (Replaces General comment 1)||Article 40||1981||HRI/GEN/1/Rev.9 (Vol. I) p.173|
|1||Derogations during a State of Emergency (Replaces General comment 5)||Article 40||1981||HRI/GEN/1/Rev.9 (Vol. I) p.173|
In the process of developing General comments, the HR Committee conducts a broad stakeholder consultation process, including with civil society, in order to ensure all relevant perspectives are incorporated in the Comment.
Civil society can provide input through participation in the general discussion during the Committee’s session and/or written submissions.
When a new General comment is being drafted, the Committee will announce the exact format of such consultations and the modalities as to how stakeholders can provide input.