The Human Rights Committee (HR Committee) was established by Article 28 of the ICCPR.
Its functions are outlined in Part IV of the Covenant. It has the role of monitoring and supervising the implementation by States Parties of their obligations under the ICCPR.
The HR Committee is composed of 18 members, often called 'Experts'. Members "shall be persons of high moral character and recognized competence in the field of human rights" (article 28). Each member is nominated by his or her State Party, and is elected by the States Parties in a secret ballot. Each member serves a four year term, and may be re-elected if he or she is re-nominated. States Parties should ensure that there is an "equitable geographical distribution" of HR Committee members (article 31). A member serves in his or her personal capacity, not as a representative of his or her State.
The HR Committee meets three times a year, the UN headquarters in Geneva (usually in March, July and October). Each meeting lasts for three to four weeks.Each session of the Committee is preceded by a one-week meeting of the Committee's Working Group. The functions of the Working Group have evolved over the years
and are currently devoted solely to handling, as an initial chamber, decisions Ton the admissibility of Individual Communications under the First Optional Protoco