Factsheet - 4
Phase II: Review

Interactive dialogue

The actual review of a State party is carried out through an 6-hour Interactive dialogue between the Committee and the State representatives, based on information provided by the State as well as other stakeholders. This dialogue takes place in public meetings of the Committee conducted in Geneva, Switzerland, which are also live webcasted by the UN. Videos of the dialogue is archived and available at the UN website.

Concluding observations

After the dialogue with State representatives, the Committee adopts its “Concluding observations”, which contain a series of recommendations specifying necessary actions to be taken by the State party in order to better implement the ICCPR.

Recommendations issued by the Committee in its Concluding observations

Example 1

Recommendations given by the Committee to Finland concerning the issue of hate speech and hate crimes given at its 7th review (CCPR/C/FIN/CO/7, paras. 14 and 15, adopted in March 2021)

14. The Committee takes note of the measures taken by the State party to combat hate speech and hate crimes, including the adoption of the national action plan for the prevention of violent radicalization and extremism and the introduction of so-called “Internet cops” to police departments. It is concerned, however, about the persistence of intolerance, prejudice, hate speech and hate crimes against vulnerable and minority groups, including women, African descendants, Muslims, lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender persons, and Roma and Jewish communities, in particular in the media and on social networks. In that regard, the Committee regrets the lack of specific information about the impact and effectiveness of policy and awareness-raising measures on reducing incidents of hate speech and hate crimes and the insufficient data collection (arts. 2, 19, 20 and 26).

15. The State party should redouble its efforts to combat discrimination, hate speech and incitement to discrimination or violence on the grounds of, inter alia, race, ethnicity, religion, or sexual orientation and gender identity, in accordance with articles 19 and 20 of the Covenant and the Committee’s General comment No. 34 (2011) on the freedoms of opinion and expression. It should inter alia:

  • (a) Improve relevant data collection and take effective measures to prevent both online and offline hate speech, firmly and publicly condemn such speech and intensify efforts aimed at addressing online hate speech;
  • (b) Strengthen its awareness-raising efforts aimed at promoting respect for human rights and tolerance for diversity, revisiting and eradicating stereotypical prejudices based on race, ethnicity, religion, or sexual orientation and gender identity;
  • (c) Encourage the reporting of hate crimes, and ensure that hate crimes are thoroughly investigated, perpetrators prosecuted and punished, and victims provided with effective remedies;
  • (d) Provide adequate training to central and local authorities, law enforcement officials, judges and prosecutors on addressing hate speech and hate crimes, and to media workers on promoting acceptance of diversity.

In its Concluding observations, the Committee also indicates the timeframe of the next review of the State party. It stipulates when the next State report is due, or when the next LOIPR will be adopted. It also selects between two to four issues for the follow-up procedure (see sheet No.5. All Concluding observations are available online, and are translated in the six official UN languages.

Example of the text of HR Committee’s Concluding observations, indicating the timeframe for the next review, follow-up procedure and other relevant obligations of the State party

Example 1

Concluding observations of the Committee to Kenya issued at its 4th review (CCPR/C/KEN/CO/4, paras. 52 – 54, adopted in March 2021)

52. The State party should widely disseminate the Covenant, its two Optional Protocols, its fourth periodic report and the present Concluding observations with a view to raising awareness of the rights enshrined in the Covenant among the judicial, legislative and administrative authorities, civil society and non-governmental organizations operating in the country, and the general public. The State party should ensure that the periodic report and the present Concluding observations are translated into the official languages of the State party.

53. In accordance with rule 75, paragraph 1, of the Committee’s rules of procedure, the State party is requested to provide, by 26 March 2023, information on the implementation of the recommendations made by the Committee in paragraphs 19 (violence against women), 41 (forced evictions) and 49 (participation in public affairs) above.

54. In line with the Committee’s predictable review cycle, the State party will receive in 2027 the Committee’s list of issues prior to the submission of the report and will be expected to submit within one year its replies to the list of issues, which will constitute its fifth periodic report. The Committee also requests the State party, in preparing the report, to broadly consult civil society and non-governmental organizations operating in the country. In accordance with General Assembly resolution 68/268, the word limit for the report is 21,200 words. The next constructive dialogue with the State party will take place in 2029 in Geneva.