Factsheet - 3
Phase I: Adoption of the List of Issues (LOI) / List of Issues Prior to Reporting (LOIPR)

Two parallel procedures for Phase I

Currently there are two State party reporting procedures: the former standard procedure and the simplified procedure. The simplified procedure was developed to reduce the reporting burden of States parties and is applied to all States parties, except those that have notified the Committee before 31 December 2019 to maintain the former standard procedure.

Former standard procedure

Under the former standard procedure, the cycle of review starts with the submission of the State party report to the Committee, followed by the adoption of the List of Issues (LOI) by the Committee. The State party is requested to provide written replies to the LOI before the review.

Simplified procedure

Under the simplified procedure, the cycle of review starts with the adoption of the List of Issues Prior to Reporting (LOIPR) by the Committee. The State party concerned is requested to submit its written reply to the LOIPR to the Committee, which will be regarded as State report (commonly referred to as the “focused State report”).

LOI/LOIPR

State reports are public and available on the website of the HR Committee. The LOI / LOIPR sets out primary issues that should be addressed in the review and lists up questions raised by the Committee to the State concerned, usually about 25 issues.

LOI

Year 1
State report

Submission of the State report

Year 2
LOI

Adoption of the LOI

Year 3
Review

Review of the State report through an Interactive dialogue

Year 4

Year 5

Year 6
-follow- up

Evaluation of the implementation of the recommendations selected for follow-up

Year 7

Year 8
LOIPR

The cycle starts again with the submission of another State report

LOIPR

Year 1
LOIPR

Adoption of the LOIPR

Year 2
State report

Status of the focused State report responding to the LOIPR

Year 3
Review

Review of the focused State report through an Interactive dialogue

Year 4

Year 5

Year 6
-follow- up

Evaluation of the implementation of the recommendations selected for follow-up

Year 7

Year 8
LOIPR

The cycle starts again with the adoption of the next LOIPR

Box: Example of issues raised by the Committee in LOI and LOIPR

Example 1

Questions on the elimination of slavery, servitude and trafficking in persons raised in the LOI to Ethiopia for its 2nd review (CCPR/C/ETH/Q/2, para.15, adopted in November 2020)

With reference to the Committee’s previous Concluding observations (para. 11) and the information provided in the State party’s report (para. 27), please provide further information on the measures taken to combat trafficking in persons, forced labour, including child labour, and sexual exploitation of children. In particular, please report on the steps taken to: (a) provide training to police officers and other public officials on how to identify and investigate cases of trafficking, forced labour and other exploitation and to address the protection needs of victims; (b) enhance the availability and accessibility of shelters and other protection services for victims; and (c) collect relevant disaggregated data. Please provide information on any cases in which child victims of sexual exploitation were penalized as offenders.

Example 2

Questions on the right to privacy (ICCPR art. 17) raised in the LOIPR to the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea for its 3rd review (CCPR/C/PRK/QPR/3, para. 24, adopted in March 2021)

Please discuss reports of large-scale surveillance activities within the State party and comment on their compatibility with article 17 of the Covenant. Please include information about (a) the activities of the imminban units and Group 109, including reports that they search private homes without a warrant or notice; (b) reports of State monitoring of the written and telephone communications of individuals, as well as surveillance of the use of 3G usage amongst mobile phone owners; (c) the legal basis for such surveillance activities, as well as the processes for judicial oversight of their application.