View Adopted: 2019.07.05
The authors are two nationals of Tajikistan who claimed that the state party violated their rights under article 7, as well as in conjunction with articles 2 (3), 9 (1)–(4), 10 (1) and 14 (1) and (3) (b) and (g), of the Covenant with respect to Mr. Ismanov.
In September 2010 a car laden with explosives entered the courtyard of Sughd Regional Department for Combating Organized Crime of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and exploded, killing the driver, considered to be a suicide bomber, and three employees of the department. As a result, 53 persons were indicted, including Mr. Ismanov. On 23 December 2011, the defendants were found guilty and sentenced to various prison terms, from five years’ to life imprisonment. Mr. Ismanov himself was sentenced to eight years in prison.
The authors claim that Mr. Ismanov was subjected to torture and mistreatment, in violation of his rights under articles 7 and 10 (1) of the Covenant, owing to his treatment during the investigation process, where he was beaten and subjected to boiling water. Ms. Nazhmutdinova claims that she was told that her husband had been taken away with a bag on his head and not informed of his whereabouts for several days, which caused her severe shock and distress consituting inhuman treatment.
The Committee considered that in light of the facts provided by the author, and that the state party failed to provide any information as to the inquiry, that the facts disclosed a violation of Mr. Ismanov’s rights under article 7 of the Covenant, read separately and in conjunction with article 2 (3). Further, the Committee noted that the detention of M. Ismanov was conducted without informing him of the reasons for his arrest or the charges against him, and was not brought before a judge. Consequently, in the absence of further relevant explanations by the state party, the Committee concludes that the State party violated Mr. Ismanov’s rights under article 9.
Further, owing to the anguish and mental stress that these circumstances caused to Ms. Nazhmutdinova, the Committee also found a violation of her rights under article 7.
The Committee recommended that the state party make full reparation to individuals whose Covenant rights have been violated. Accordingly, the State party is obligated, inter alia, to take appropriate steps to:
Individual opinion of Committee member Vasilka Sancin (partly dissenting)
The Committee requested that the state party provide an update outlining measures taken to give effect to the Committee's views within 180 days, or prior to 5 January 2020.