View Adopted: 2018.03.21
In accordance with article 2(3) (a) of the Covenant, the State party is under an obligation to provide the author with an effective remedy. This requires it to make full reparation to individuals whose Covenant rights have been violated.
Accordingly, the State party is obligated, inter alia,
The State party is also under an obligation to take steps to prevent the occurrence of similar violations in the future. In this connection, the Committee reiterates that the State party should take measures to eradicate torture and ill-treatment, including by, inter alia, revising its legislation, consistent with its obligations under article 2(2), to define and criminalize torture with sanctions and remedies commensurate with the gravity of the crime in accordance with international standards, including with respect to children. The State party should further ensure in law that no evidence obtained through torture is used in any proceedings, either civil or criminal, as a basis for establishing legal responsibility; and that law enforcement personnel receive training on the prevention and investigation of torture and ill-treatment (see CCPR/C/NPL/CO/2, para. 10).